Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

    Acknowledgements

    Thanks to the supporters of Intellettualinfuga:
    Andrew Viterbi
    Guido and Anne Calabresi.

    I would like to thank the following for their patronage:
    Anthony Tamburri, director of the J. Calandra Italian American Institute, CUNY, where I carried out a part of the research as a M. Di Palermo McCauley Visiting Scholar.
    Paul Holdengräber and Thomas G. Lannon, assistant director of Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books at the New York Public Library.
    Cara Dellatte and all the staff of Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books at the NYPL for their valued help during various phases of my research from 2007 onwards, and for all the material from the records of the ECADFS made available for research purposes.
    Stephen Wordsworth, director of the Council for At-Risk Academics in London, for permission to work on the papers of the SPSL, the historic archive of the organisation: "Over 85 years since CARA was founded, academics still face danger from persecution, violence and conflict in many countries, and so CARA has continued its work, bringing hundreds to safety in recent years".
    Chris Fletcher, Keeper of Special Collections at the Bodleian Library, Oxford, which currently holds the SPSL archive.
    Yochai Ben-Ghedalia, director of the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, for providing material.

    For their dedicated involvement:
    the late Daniela Misul, president of the Jewish Community of Florence, the Historical Studies Group of the Community, together with Lea Campos Boralevi and Lionella Neppi Modona Viterbo; Guido and Anne Calabresi who also generously offered hospitality in Manhatten; Helly Bonaventura Snir and Sergio della Pergola, through whose good offices moreover it was possible to consult personal files from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem; my colleagues at IASA, in particular Marcella Bencivenni, Mary Gibson and Stan Pugliese, for their suggestions and interest.
    Without Francesca Cavarocchi and her constant commitment I would never even have ventured to consider the idea of setting up the database, an instrument which we hope will be put to use and offer material for further analysis, including of a statistical nature, as Alessandra Petrucci has urged.

    Grateful thanks also to the following:
    Laura Solito, prorettrice, and Laura Giambastiani, representative of the Rettore, University of Florence. Claudia De Venuto and Floriana Pagano of the Culture and Research Directorate of the Regione Toscana, Dario Abbate of the SAGAS Department. Elisa Cavigli, Fioranna Salvadori, Fabio Silari and the staff of the University of Florence Archivio e trattamento degli atti, who are ordering the university’s archival series which are currently scattered in various locations.

    The staff of archives cited in the biographies and corresponding sources (listed in the alphabetical order of their institutions). In particular:
    Gaetano Petraglia, Archivio centrale dello Stato, Rome
    Angie Goodgame and the staff of the Bodleian Library - Special Collections, Oxford 
    Anastasia Glazanova, Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Ofer Tzemach e Chaim Green, Central Archive of the Hebrew University, Jerusalem
    Raffaella Gobbo, Centro APICE, Università di Milano
    Silvia Haia Antonucci, Archivio storico della Comunità ebraica di Roma - ASCER
    Patrick Giacone, Emeroteca del Novecento Carlin Caudana, Casalborgone (TO)
    Anna Landolfi, Archivio storico dell’ENI, Rome
    Fiamma Chessa, Archivio Famiglia Berneri; Aurelio Chessa, Reggio Emilia
    Andrea Moroni, Fondazione Corriere della Sera, Milan
    Ambra Spaccasassi, Archivio contemporaneo Alessandro Bonsanti, Gabinetto G.P. Vieusseux, Florence
    Bernard Reismann, Archive of Graz University of Technology, Graz
    Gherardo Bonini, Andrea Becherucci and Judith Wolff, Historical Archives of the European Union
    Steven Smith, Balch Institute of Ethnic Studies Library, The Historical Society of Pennsylvania
    Marie Allemann, International Committee Red Cross Archives, Genève
    Guido Enrico Montanari, Archivio storico Intesa Sanpaolo, Milan
    Luciana Bramati, ISREC, Istituto bergamasco per la storia della Resistenza e dell'età contemporanea, Bergamo
    Mirco Bianchi, Marta Bonsanti, Sonia Goretti, Francesco Mascagni, ISRT, Istituto storico toscano della Resistenza, Florence
    Matteo Mazzoni, ISRT, Istituto storico toscano della Resistenza, Florence
    Fabiana Console, Istituto superiore per la protezione e la ricerca ambientale, Rome
    Norton Owen, Director of Preservation Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival, Becket (MA)
    Sabine Krammer, Universitätsarchiv, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
    Manuel Rossi, Archivio storico del Maggio musicale fiorentino, Florence
    Julien Couture, McGill University Archives, Montreal
    Cristina Cilli, Museo di Antropologia criminale "Cesare Lombroso", Università di Torino
    Jenny Swadosh and the staff of The New School Archives & Special Collections, The New School, New York
    Giovanni Morrocchesi, Archivio Ordine dei medici chirurghi e degli odontoiatri della provincia di Firenze
    Catie Huggins, Charles Deering, McCormick Library of Special Collections & University Archives, Northwestern University
    Erica Maria Brodato and Claudio Luigi Caschino, Archivio storico del Politecnico di Torino
    Nanci Young, Smith College Archive, Northampton (MA)
    Lorenza Fascio, Società italiana di mineralogia e petrologia, Pisa
    Nathan Coy, Sounds Archive, Stanford University
    Nicole C. Dittrich, Special Collections Research Center at Syracuse University
    Andrea Daltri, Archivio storico, Università di Bologna 
    Maria Grazia Chiarelli e Carla Gilli, Archivio storico, Università di Ferrara
    The staff of Archivio storico, Università di Genova
    Carla Onesti, Archivio storico, Università La Sapienza, Rome
    Paola Balsamo, Archivio storico, Università L’Orientale, Naples
    Marco De Poli and Donatella Mazzetto, Archivio di ateneo, Università di Padova
    Daniela Lo Brutto, Archivio storico di ateneo, Università di Palermo
    Maria Grazia Perazzo, U.O. Sistema museale e Archivio storico, Università di Parma
    Franca Focacci, Biblioteca di Scienze matematiche, fisiche e geologiche, Università di Perugia
    Daniele Ronco, Archivio storico, Università di Pisa
    Paola Novaria, Archivio storico, Università di Torino
    Polina E. Ilieva and Jasmine Dew, Archives and Special Collections, University of California, San Francisco
    Maura Coonan, Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota
    Anne Allis and Abbie Weiser, Special Collections, University of Texas at El Paso Library
    Lesley Annamalay, Special Collections and Archives, Reid Library, The University of Western Australia

    The following professional regulatory bodies in Florence have kindly facilitated access to their archives: the Ordine degli architetti (architects), who however hold no documentation prior to 1940; the Ordine degli ingegneri (engineers), and the Ordine dei medici (physicians). The Ordine degli avvocati (lawyers) were unable to permit consultation due to the material being inaccessible. 

    All those who have offered testimony, recollections, documents and photographs for the preparation of biographies of relatives, colleagues or acquaintances:
    David Abrahamson (Northwestern University, IL), Pina Antognini (Milan), James Arieti (Farmville, Virginia), the late Daniel Asheri (Tel Aviv), Irit Ashery Liebman (Jersualem), Alberto Barocas (Rome), Leonardo Bieber, Rachel Bonaventura Snir (Tel Aviv), Lindy Brophy (Perthe, Australia), Guido Calabresi (Yale University), Steven G. Calabresi (Northwestern University), Lea Campos Boralevi (Università di Firenze), David Cassuto (Ariel University in Samaria), Susanna Cassuto Evron (Jerusalem), Piero Cividalli, Guido Clemente (Università di Firenze), Luciana Coèn (Florence), Leo Coen Pirani (Milan), Gilbert De Benedetti (Pittsburgh), Lydia De Benedetti Moran (CA), Vera De Benedetti Bonnet (Pittsburgh), Andrea De Marchi (Università di Firenze), Roberto De Philippis (Università di Firenze), Francesco De Sarlo Jr (Florence), Umberto Di Gioacchino, Vasanti Ferrando Fithian (Santa Barbara, CA), Carlo Franchetti (Università di Firenze), Annalia Franchetti (Università di Firenze), Liana Funaro (Florence),  Laura Galletti (Naples), Neil Gentilli (Perth), Sandro Gerbi (Milan), Diana Goldschmied (Olbicella, AL), Manfredi Lanza, Maria Cristina Lauria (Florence), Maria Leuzzi Fubini (Florence), Adriana and Giulio Levi (Florence), Jean Levi (Paris), Luisa Levi D’Ancona (Jerusalem), Viviano Levi D’Ancona (Florence), Piera Levi-Montalcini (Rome), Anna Lombroso (Cambridge, MA), Michele Luzzatto (CDEC), Gigliola Mariani Sacerdoti (Università di Firenze), heirs of Meggoboschi-Boralevi (Florence), Andrew Milano (New York), Paolo Milano (New York),  Eliana Montuori (Buenos Aires), Gabriella Moscati Steindler (Locarno), Daniele Nissim (Jerusalem), Robert Nissim (New York), Enzo Nitzani (Israel), Daniele Olschki (Florence), Joyce Oppler Sabgir (Delaware, Ohio), Claire Pelletier (Florence), Marina Peressutti (Milan), Maurizio Pincherle, Sylvia Poggioli (New York), Bosiljka Raditsa (New York), Romano Reuven Ravenna, Elena Lea Rossi Artom (Jerusalem), Linda Rossi (New York), Michele Sarfatti (Milan), Laura Trevisan (Venice), Andrea Vanni Desideri (Florence), Lucy Vivante e Lydia Vivante (Wellfleet, MA), Giovanna and Sara Volterra (Florence).

    Among the many who have helped in establishing contacts and in finding further evidence and sources:
    Judy Balcombe (Melbourne), Franco Baldasso (Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson), Filippo Bauleo (USL2 Umbria), Stefano Benedetto (Archivio di Stato di Torino), Giampaolo Borghello (Università di Udine), Roberto Cadonici (Centro Mauro Bolognini, Pistoia), Renato Camurri (Università di Verona), Carlo Spartaco Capogreco (Università della Calabria), Roberto Casalbuoni (Università di Firenze), Alberto Cavaglion (Università di Firenze), Daniel Chaim (Comunità Ebraica di Trieste), Fiorella Citerni (Florence), Alessandro De Angelis (Università di Padova), Lorenzo Drascek, (Associazione Amici di Israele, Gorizia), Matteo Fiorani (Università di Roma Tor Vergata), Franca Focacci (Biblioteca di Scienze matematiche, fisiche e geologiche, Università di Perugia), Marcello Garzaniti (Università di Firenze), Giacomo Gabbuti (University of Oxford), Matteo Galli (Università di Ferrara), Olga Gekhman (Jabotinsky Institute, Tel Aviv), Karl-Ulrich Gelberg (Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, München), Alessia Gilemi (Archivio storico CNR, Rome), Carlo Ginzburg (Scuola normale superiore, Pisa), Valeria Graffone (Università di Torino), Francesca Hiller (British Library, London), Iraida Iturralde (Cuban Cultural Center, New York), Javier Grossutti (Università di Padova), Gisèle Levy (Archivio storico UCEI, Rome), Pina Licatese Bartolini (Casa-Museo Sigfrido Bartolini, Pistoia), Elisa Lo Monaco (Florence), Stefano Luconi (Università di Padova), Roberto Marcuccio (Biblioteca Panizzi, Reggio Emilia), Teresita Mazzei (OMF and Università di Firenze), Massimo Mazzoni (Università di Firenze), Antonella Meniconi (Università La Sapienza, Rome), Francesco Micelli (Università di Udine), Alessandra Minerbi (Milan), Fiorenza Minervini and Liliana Gadaleta Minervini (ANPI Molfetta), Anthony Molho (European University Institute), Ilaria Monda (Florence), Giovanni Montroni (Università Federico II, Naples), Mauro Moretti (Università per Stranieri, Siena), Erica Mosner (Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton), Nerio Naldi (Università La Sapienza, Rome), the late Giancarlo Paba (Università di Firenze), Giuseppe Paccagnini (Pistoia), Antonio Panti (Florence), Alessandro Pascolini (Università di Padova), Erica Peacock (National Archives of United Kingdom, London), Marco Piccolino (Università di Ferrara), Penelope Poetis (München), Dorothy Porter (University of California, San Francisco), Chiara Renzo (Università di Firenze), Ilaria Romeo (Università di Firenze), Jacopo Salani (Florence), Edoardo Salvi (Pistoia), Maria Beatrice Sanfilippo (Gabinetto dei disegni e delle stampe, Biblioteca Marucelliana, Florence), Andrea Santurli (Archivio di Stato di Firenze), Daniela Scala (CDEC, Milan), Cosimo Schinaia (Genova), Bernard Schwartz (92Y, New York), Michael Sierra (Jerusalem), Edward Shorter (University of Toronto), David Speranzi (Biblioteca nazionale centrale, Florence), Valdo Spini (Florence), Carlo Stazzi (Archivio CRI, Rome), Massimo Tarassi (Florence), Laura Trevisan (Venice), Simone Turchetti (University of Manchester), Mario Varvaro (Università di Palermo), Elena De Vecchi (Archivio di Stato di Gorizia), Paola Zocchi (Università La Bicocca, Milan), Katherine Wilson (University of Toronto), Kathy Zotnowski (Ojai, CA).

    The English version of this online portal would not have been possible without the kind generosity of all those who offered their services as translators as a statement against racism and antisemitism. 

    Finally, I would like to thank the students of many nationalities - Dutch, English, French, German, Italian and Spanish - who attended my courses on contemporary cultural history at the University of Florence.