Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

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    «Guarnieri and her team of researchers effectively synthesize vast amounts of information, uncovered in archival research both in Italy and abroad, into a highly accessible and readable digital resource. [...] the site’s status as a work in progress is a feature and not a flaw for it reminds us that the history that it seeks to preserve cannot be contained in a predetermined set of schemas; it is a history that will continue to grow in breadth and depth with the completion of further research over time»
    Review by Joseph Tumolo in «Italica», 2, 202

    «...the portal helps to remember that the so-called brain drain is not only a current issue but has an antecedent in the years of Fascism, when the regime was guilty of the expatriation of scholars of the highest level, many of whom were destined never to return. By more actively encouraging their return home, republican Italy could have benefited from the scientific experiences enriched through expatriation, but it did not commit itself in this sense and made other choices, short-sighted choices repeated on other occasions»
    Review by Silvana Patriarca in «Il mestiere di storico», 2, 2020

    «Dialoghi II - Intellettuali in fuga dall'Italia fascista»
    Dialogue between Marta Baiardi and Patrizia Guarnieri as part of the refresher course for teachers organised by the Fondazione Museo della deportazione e Resistenza of Prato, 4 November 2021

    Notice in «Sinergie di Scuola», 15 September 2021

    «Their stories, compelling and reconstructed from Italian and foreign archives, speak of departures and arrivals, of the difficulties in obtaining the necessary documents and of rebuilding a life elsewhere by accepting precarious jobs, of the delicate adaptation to other environments, other languages, new cultures»
    Review in «Indireinforma», 9 September 2021

    «Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy. Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons/Intellettuali in fuga dall’Italia fascista. Migranti, esuli e rifugiati per motivi politici e razziali, by Patrizia Guarnieri»
    Review by Alice Gussoni su «Italian Culture», 39, 2021

    «It is the work in progress of a courageously ambitious project that aims at a prosopography of talents largely lost to 20th century Italy, and intends to reconstruct at 360 degrees a brain drain from the 1920s to the Second World War»
    Review by Elisa Signori, «Annali di Storia delle università italiane», January-June 2021

    «L’emigrazione intellettuale dall’Italia fascista. Studenti e studiosi ebrei del l’Università di Firenze in fuga all’estero»
    Review by Simona Salustri, «Annali di Storia delle università italiane», January-June 2021

    Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy on Semantic Scholar

    Profile of the project in Regione Toscana, Storia e memoria del '900, May 2021

    «Israel: the Comites for the reconstruction of the stories of "intellectuals displaced from Fascist Italy"»
    Gabriella Indaco on

    «An in-depth study and a portal on the consequences of the actions of Fascist politics during the Ventennio»
    Polo archivistico dell'Emilia Romagna, 29 April 2021

    «Stories of "brains on the move", intellectuals, scientists, students, Italians and foreigners, mainly but not only Jews, forced to flee from Fascist Italy and Europe in flames, invaded by the Nazis. Historian Patrizia Guarnieri has reconstructed their paths, recounting them one by one, from A to Z, and making them available on a portal, as part of a University of Florence project»
    Lucia Correale and Alessandra di Marco, Intellettuali in fuga, with an interview with Patrizia Guarnieri
    Sorgente di vita. Rubrica di vita e cultura ebraica, in collaboration with the Unione delle Comunità ebraiche italiane, Rai2, 25 April 2021 (replays 27 April 1.30 am, 3 May 1.00 am)

    «A long list of public and private Italian archives consulted to reconstruct how ordinary careers are suddenly interrupted (due to suspension from service, expulsion from the professional register or simply silence) and resumed elsewhere, in distant countries, amidst a thousand difficulties, efforts, and a high dose of tenacity»
    Roberta Moro, Il Mondo degli archivi, 23 April 2021

    «We have lost an enormous heritage represented by the many excellences that have been forced to seek their fortune outside Italy. Many people know the story of Enrico Fermi, who fled to America after winning the Nobel Prize because his wife was Jewish. The stories of many other brains, on the other hand, have remained unknown»
    Roberto Bosio, Intellettuali in fuga dal fascismo: Renata Calabresi, Associazione docenti Articolo33, 1 April 2021

    «Antidotes to discrimination, Intellectuals fleeing fascism»
    Adattamenti, Radio Zainet, podcast from 72' 41'' to 91' 30''

    «Lives to be rebuilt»
    Clip from TG1 newscast, reporter Caterina Doglio, with an interview with Patrizia Guarnieri, Rai 1, 8.00 pm, 13 March 2021

    «Online resource in English & Italian from Patrizia Guarnieri, "Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy: Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons"»
    Tweet of John Calandra Italian American Institute, New York @CalandraItal

    «The purpose of this ambitious work is not to reconstruct the intellectual biographies of Italian scholars who have made careers abroad, but to tell the stories of those moving, often troubled lives of so many men and women who, with determination and tenacity, did not lose heart when faced with the need to completely reinvent their existence»
    Federica D'Auria, Il Bo Live, Università di Padova, 16 February 2021

    «​Four Scholars who Escaped from Fascist Italy​»
    by Silvia Bencivelli, the story of Giacomo Ancona presented on «Vite che non sono la tua» (Lives that are not yours)
    Rai Radio 3, 6 February 2021
    Listen to the podcast

    «​Four Scholars who Escaped from Fascist Italy​» by Silvia Bencivelli, the story of Giselda Biancalani presented on «Vite che non sono la tua» (Lives that are not yours)
    Rai Radio 3, 7 February 2021
    Listen to the podcast

    «​Four Scholars who Escaped from Fascist Italy​» by Silvia Bencivelli, the story of Vinicio Barocas presented on «Vite che non sono la tua» (Lives that are not yours)
    Rai Radio 3, 13 February 2021
    Listen to the podcast

    «​Four Scholars who Escaped from Fascist Italy​» by Silvia Bencivelli, the story of Renata Calabresi presented on «Vite che non sono la tua» (Lives that are not yours)
    Rai Radio 3, 14 February 2021
    Listen to the podcast

    «The Archive of Forgotten Histories. Unknown or Little Known Stories of Researchers, Artists, and Those at Risk who Escaped from Italy»
    Rai Radio 3 scienza, 5 February 2021
    Listen to the podcast

    «Escaping Fascism. The policies of the fascist regime and racial persecution led to a brain drain that is still widely unknown. Now there is a project to reconstruct its history»
    Silvia Bencivelli, ​Le Scienze, February 2021

    «The Thirties. Female brains on the move»
    Annamaria Vicini, Vitaminevaganti, February 2021

    «Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy»
    Il Sole 24 ore, Domenicale, 7 February 2021

    «Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy. The Research, Website, and Mission. Documenting and reconstructing the lives of displaced intellectuals, step by step, with an historiographical ambition to expand horizons. A new methodology employed with a civil commitment to remember [...] a massive endeavor»
    Lea Campos Boralevi, ​Toscana ebraica, January-February 2021

    «An unmistakably original element of the website’s content is that of not only condemning the injustices inflicted upon the victims – which are evident to whoever is not in bad faith or whoever has not been completely eclipsed by the ideologically blind vision of Fascism – but that of contextually demonstrating the damage Fascism did to Italy; by depriving it of such intelligence that could have enriched many fields of knowledge»
    Paolo F. Peloso, ​Psychiatry online Italia, 30 January 2021

    «​The Archive of Italy’s Brain Drain from Fascist Italy. The historian Patrizia Guarnieri reconstructs the journeys of scholars and scientists, many of which were Jewish: human tragedies and an enormous damage for our research»
    Silvia Bencivelli, ​Il Venerdì di Repubblica, 29 January 2021

    «​When the human capital flight is that of women​»
    La Nazione, 27 January 2021

    «​Aurelia and other stories we should never forget​»
    Paolo Di Stefano, Il Corriere della sera, 25 January 2021

    «Leave Fascist Italy for a better world​»
    Marco Romano, ​Toscana Novecento

    «Fascinating new website with support from @UNI_FIRENZE on ‘Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy’, drawing in part on Cara archives at the Bodleian. Work in progress, but lots to read»
    Tweet​ from Cara - the Council for At-Risk Academics @CARA1933

    «Recovering the Lives of scholars who fled Fascism. The National Library of Israel's Central Archives for the History of Jewish People is taking part in a groundbreaking new projects being led by the University of Florence. As this period of isolation has ushered in a new understanding of what it means to work and collaborate remotely, the branch of academia known as the “digital humanities” is now more necessary than ever [...] This is exactly the sort of enterprise that Intellettuali in Fuga (Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy), headed by Professor Patrizia Guarnieri of the University of Florence, accomplishes»
    National Library of Israel's Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People, 20 luglio 2020

    An article on Annemarie Curth Goldberg and her husband Erich Goldberg, who fled from Germany to Italy, and then to Singapore
    The Muntok Memorial Peace Museum, Muntok, Bangka Island, Indonesia

    «Lives to Reconstruct, Lives on the Move​»
    Alberto Cavaglion, ​«The University without the Jews​»
    Sergio Della Pergola, «Emigration, Seven Points to Reflect upon​»
    Daniela Gross, «The sorrowful diaspora of the Jewish students and scholars»
    Pagine ebraiche, 7 July 2020

    «Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy. A New Website on Migrants, Exiles, and Refugees​»
    Francesca Cavarocchi, Historia Magistra, 32, 2020

    Interview on Radio Città del Capo, 28 January 2020
    Listen to the podcast

    «Astronomies and Philologies. The Great Minds who Escaped the Racial Laws. It is true that Italy was, and is, a land of poor emigrants without culture. But today we know that there was a different kind of Italian emigration: that of the so-called ‘brain drain’. It is a whole other phenomenon that deserves to be studied»
    Paolo Di Stefano, ​Corriere della Sera, 27 January 2020

    «Finally some good news from the Internet: the creation of a new website that is dedicated to the exile of Jewish scholars after 1938»
    Alberto Cavaglion, ​Moked, 28 November 2019

    «Not just an extremely complex research, compilation, or enormous archivization. It is the mirror of reality, of a ‘qualified mobility’ that began in the thirties and which reverberates to the present day. It shows us the knowledge of back then, today, and the future; the knowledge that we have lost due to the horror and stupidity of racism​»
    Edoardo Semmola, ​Corriere Fiorentino, 24 October 2019

    «Generation Dissention. The Great Minds that Escaped Fascist Italy»
    Maria Cristina Carratù, Repubblica Firenze, 24 October 2019

    Interview on Radio radicale, 24 October 2019
    Listen to the​ podcast

    IF «reconstructs the personal and familial stories of these lives in exile with a rich documentation made of images, maps, infographic, and bibliography, along with the support networks that supported the various individuals who escaped»
    Paese Sera, 23 October 2019

    Interview on Controradio, 23 October 2019
    Listen to the podcast

    «The objective of this project is to direct attention to the emigration of scholars during the Fascist era, which has been little studied up until now, whether in the numbers or events of their biographies, in their journeys or professional and academic achievements»
    Biblioteca di filosofia, 31 May 2019

    «A recognition of unearthing a buried history that is the intellectual emigration from Italy; still little has been done whether it is the numbers, journeys, or academic or professional achievements»
    Shalom, 20 December 2018