Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Anita Schwarzkopf Seppilli (1902-1991)

Fiume 29 August 1902 - Perugia 19 March 1991

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Emigrant family members

  • Alessandro Primo Giuseppe Seppilli (Trieste 7 May 1902 - Perugia 2 February 1995), husband: since 1932, libero docente of hygiene at the University of Padua and since 1935 professor at the University of Modena, he was suspended in 1938. Alessandro emigrated to Brazil with his wife Anita and his son Tullio on 4 July 1939. He found a job as the technical-scientific director in a small pharmaceutical company in São Paulo; in 1946 he returned to Italy and was reinstated at the University of Modena, in 1946 he moved to the University of Perugia.
  • Tullio Seppilli (Padua 16 October 1928 - Perugia 23 August 2017), son: born in Padua, emigrated to Brazil with his family when he was only 10, leaving from Trieste around 15 June 1939 and arriving in Santos, São Paulo, on 4 July 1939. He returned to Italy only in 1947, together with his mother to join his father Alessandro, who had been reinstated at the University of Modena.
  • Maria Luisa (Luigia, Louise) Treves Schwarzkopf (Trieste 25 October 1873 - 13 January 1950), mother: widow of Emilio Schwarzkopf whom she had married in 1899, emigrated to Brazil with a visa obtained in Trieste on 18 August 1939. She arrived in Santos on 29 December 1939. In 1947, when she was 74, she moved back to Trieste.
  • Emma Venturina D’Ancona Seppilli (Ancona 4 February 1868 - Perugia 9 October 1950), mother-in-law: in 1890 she married in Bologna Giacomo Seppilli; the two emigrated to Brazil on 29 December 1939. She was registered as a housewife. She returned to Italy, in Modena, in 1947, and died in Perugia, where the couple had moved in 1949.
  • Giacomo Vittorio Emanuele Seppilli (Trieste 27 May 1864 - Perugia 3 January 1950), father-in-law: retailer and coffee importer from Brazil, was chief of the Jewish community of Trieste between 1922 and 1937; he emigrated to Brazil with his wife on 29 December 1939, with a visa obtained in Trieste on 5 October 1938. They lived together with Alessandro's family and later followed them to Modena and Perugia. He returned to Italy when he was 83.
  • Alice Schwarzkopf Pincherle (Fiume 10 October 1900 - São Paulo 10 June 1973), sister: daughter of Emilio and Luisa Treves; pianist, journalist and music critic in Trieste, arrived in Brazil on 12 May 1939 with her husband Giacomo Pincherle and her children Nydia Licia and Livio. She became a singing and theatrical diction coach in São Paulo. She never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Giacomo Giuseppe Pincherle, called Pino and Josè in Brazil (Trieste 26 July 1893 - São Paulo 30 October 1966), brother-in-law, Alice's husband:  a radiologist, among the founders of a sanitarium for people affected by tuberculosis in Aurisina (Trieste), emigrated to Brazil on 12 May 1939, with a tourist visa obtained on 16 December 1938, valid also for his children Nydia e Livio. His parents Erminio and Emma Luzzatto also joined him in Brazil, with tourist visas as well, obtained in December of 1939. He never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Nydia Licia Pincherle (Trieste 30 April 1926 - São Paulo 12 December 2015), niece: emigrated to Brazil on 12 May 1939 with her parents Pino and Alice when she was 13. She worked with Pietro Maria Bardi, who emigrated from La Spezia, to open the Museu de Arte de São Paulo. She became a famous actress, director and theatrical producer, and married prominent theatrical actor Sergio Cardoso; she had a daughter, Sylvia, who later married Leao. She never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Livio Tullio (later Tulio) Pincherle (Trieste 26 December 1924 - São Paulo 30 July 1997), nephew: emigrated to Brazil with his parents Pino and Alice and his sister Nydia on 12 May 1939 when he was 15. He studied medicine in São Paulo and became a psychiatrist. He married Lia do Carmo and had three daughters: Sandra, Elsa e Maura. He never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Lidia Glass (Fiume 25 March 1902 - Ramat Gan 19 November 1987), cousin: daughter of Matteo Glass (Trieste 14 October 1860 - Fiume 18 September 1918) and Anita Treves (Trieste 29 October 1870 - Florence 6 February 1933), Anita's mother Maria Luisa's sister. In 1911 the Glass family moved to Trieste. Lidia married Aldo Servadio and had three children: Bruno (25 March 1927), Ciro, and Rachel. With them, in January 1939, she emigrated to Mandatory Palestine to join her husband in Ramat Gan. She never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Aldo Servadio (Lorence August 1899 - Israel May 1968), Lidia Glass' husband: chemist and industrialist, emigrated to Mandatory Palestine in Ramat Gan, possibly between December 1938 and January 1939, where he was later joined by his family. He never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Marcella Ziffer Ascarelli (Naples 1906 - Rome 1965), cousin: daughter of Anita's aunt Regina, Luisa Treves' sister: married Tullio Ascarelli in 1930, followed him to the UK in the winter of 1938 with their children: Gianni (8), Franca (5, later Maffei), and Piero (2), then to France in 1939, and finally to Brazil in 1940. She was a member of the Antifascist association Italia Libera (Free Italy) and was active in a «War Victims Help Committee», promoted as a section of the Brazilian Red Cross. She returned to Italy with her children.
  • Tullio Ascarelli (Rome 6 October 1903 – Rome 20 November 1959), cousin, Marcella's husband: professor of commercial law in Bologna. In 1938 he emigrated to the UK where his family followed him. He got a Visa from the Brazilian consulate in Marseille on 24 August 1940 and, with his family, emigrated to Santos on 6 November 1940. A jurist and a lawyer, he contributed to fiscal and corporate reforms and became a professor at the University of São Paulo. In 1946 he asked a command to keep it and to be reintegrated in Bologna, where Edoardo Volterra was the rettore, and where he returned only in 1949. In 1950, he returned to Brazil on leave until he was called by the University of Rome, where he then moved to. He returned to Italy permanently in 1953.
  • Gianni Ascarelli (Rome 25 October 1931 – West Lafayette, Indiana 24 September 1995), cousin, son of Marcella Ziffer and Tullio Ascarelli: physicist, he emigrated with his parents to Brazil in 1940, when he was eight, and then returned to Italy with his mother in 1948, after getting a BS degree in physics from the University of São Paulo. He graduated from the University of Rome in 1954. In 1955, he moved to the USA, where he got a PhD at MIT in Boston in 1959 and worked as a postdoc at the University of Illinois. He returned to Italy in 1961 and worked at the University of Rome. IN 1964, when he was 33 he moved to the USA, to Purdue University (Indiana) at first as an associate professor and then full professor in 1970. He never returned to Italy permanently.

Support network

  • A Brazilian microbiologist, who Alessandro Seppilli met at an international conference, and who had a relative in the Brazilian government: provided them with visas to enter Brazil.