Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Silvano Arieti (1914-1981)

Pisa 28 June 1914 - New York 7 August 1981

Lives on the move

Emigrant family members

  • Giacomo Rocca (Pisa 10 August 1933 - North Salem, New York, 10 May 1992), son of Yolanda Bemporad and Gian Paolo Rocca: he left Italy at five years old. He then settled in New York to study law. He lived in America and had a son, Peter. He did not return to live in Italy.
  • Giulio Arieti (1918-1988), brother: he was a law student in Pisa, which he left in 1939 before graduating. Once he was in America he joined Yolanda and Gian Paolo in Miami. As the war intensified, he decided to enlist in the US army. After the war he returned to Pisa and graduated. During this time he married Marcella Ciompi and together they had a daughter, Olivia. With his wife and daughter, he returned to the United States. He worked for Yolanda and Gian Paolo’s business. In the seventies he returned to Italy indefinitely, where he acquired another degree in language and dedicated himself to teaching. 
  • Enrico Bemporad (13 September 1910 - 23 October 1992), cousin: he left for New York with his wife Vana, sons Giacomo (Jack) and Giulio (Jules), and cousins Silvio and Giulio Arieti. At first, he had difficulty adjusting to the new environment, but he eventually settled in the US indefinitely. He did not return to live in Italy. 
  • Vana Bemporad (1911-2000), cousin: she left for New York along with her husband, two children, and the Arieti brothers in 1939. The book Severe and Mild Depression, co-authored by Silvano Arieti and Jules Bemporad, is dedicated to her and her husband Enrico. She never returned to live in Italy. 
  • Jack Bemporad (1934), second cousin: he emigrated with his parents and Silvano Arieti in 1939. He studied theology in New York, and was often a guest at the Arieti household to babysit his little cousin David. He began to take an interest in philosophy at the Arieti’s, where he often had hours-long discussions with his older cousin. He became an internationally renowned philosopher and was particularly engaged in inter-faith dialogue. He had strong ties with Italy – he taught at the Pontificia Università San Tommaso d’Aquino and the Pontificio Ateneo Sant'Anselmo di Roma – but he did not return to live in Italy. 
  • Jules Bemporad (1937-2011), second cousin: he emigrated with his parents and the Arieti brothers in 1939. Arieti introduced Jules to the study of psychiatry, and he subsequently specialized in child psychiatry and psychotherapy for depression. He wrote Severe and Mild Depression along with Silvano Arieti, which he dedicated to his parents. Although he had strong academic ties with Italy, he never returned to live there. 

Support network

  • Giulio Arieti (1918-1988), brother: law student in Pisa. He went to the US with his brothers and uncles in 1939, before he was able to graduate and obtain his college degree. He lived in Miami with Jolanda and Gian Paolo before enlisting in the US army. After the war he returned to Pisa and finished his degree. He married Marcella Ciompi and they had a daughter, Olivia. With his wife and daughter he returned to the United States to work at his uncle’s business. In the late seventies he returned to Italy indefinitely where he obtained a second degree in languages and dedicated the rest of his career to teaching. 
  • Jolanda (Yolanda) Bemporad Rocca (Pisa 30 June 1905 - Miami-Dade, Florida, 5 November 1997), maternal aunt: she emigrated to the United States with her husband Gian Paolo and their five year old son Giacomo. In the US, the family fell on hard times. Jolanda worked cleaning public restrooms. They eventually opened a fashion jewelry business and settled in Miami. She returned to Italy every so often where her family had a vacation house in Ardenza, near Livorno. When she was widowed she stayed in the Casa di riposo israelitica in Florence before returning to Miami. She did not return. 
  • Gian Paolo Rocca (Ferrara ?-Miami 1992) uncle: descendent of a noble Ferraresi family, he graduated with a degree in law and political science in Florence. When he arrived in New York, he worked as an usher in the movie theater. With his wife he opened a jewelry fashion story in several high-scale Detroit hotels, and then eventually in Miami. He did not return to live in Italy. 
  • Giacomo Rocca (Pisa 10 August 1932 - North Salem, NY, 10 May 1992), cousin: son of Yolanda and Gian Paolo Rocca. He left Italy with his parents when he was five years old. He obtained a degree in law and became an expert in commercial law. He married an Italian-American and together they had a son, Peter. His second wife was Angelika von Burchard. He went back to Italy to work and vacation, but did not settle there. 
  • Enrico Bemporad (13 September 1910 - 23 October 1992), uncle: he left for New York in 1939 with his wife Vana, sons Giacomo (Jack) and Giulio (Jules), and nephews Silvano and Giulio Arieti. Despite his initial difficulties getting accustomed to life in America, he eventually settled in the U.S. He did not return to live in Italy.
  • Vana Pontecorboli Bemporad (Pisa 1911-?2000), aunt: she left for New York in 1939 along with her husband, children, and the Arieti brothers. The book Severe and Mild Depression, co-authored by Silvano Arieti and Jules Bemporad, is dedicated to her and her husband. She did not return to live in Italy. 
  • Jack (Giacomo) Bemporad (1935) cousin: he emigrated with his parents and Arieti in 1939. He studied theology in New York. He became an internationally renowned theologian and was especially active in inter-faith dialogue. He taught at the Pontificia Università San Tommaso d’Aquino and the Pontificio Ateneo Sant’Anselmo di Roma, but he did not settle down permanently in Italy. 
  • Jules (Giulio) Bemporad (Pisa 2 November 1937- Mamaroneck, NY 3 June 2011), cousin: he emigrated with his parents and Arieti in 1939. He specialized in child psychiatry e psychotherapy for depression. He wrote Severe and Mild Depression with Silvano Arieti, which they dedicated to his parents. He had three children. Although he had strong academic ties with Italy, he did not return.
  • Mario Bemporad (Pisa 12 October 1900- New York 1981) maternal aunt: he emigrated to New York in 1939, leaving his business to a trustee (after the war there was nothing left of it). He was a tie salesman. He spent his summer vacations in a small apartment property in Viareggio, Italy, but did not return to settle permanently. 
  • Gina De Cori Bemporad (Pisa 6 December 1900-New York, 8 July 1943); aunt: she left Italy in 1939 despite her fragile physical condition. She died shortly after her arrival in the USA, leaving behind her husband and daughters. She did not return to Italy. 
  • Luciana Miriam Bemporad Levi ( Pisa 14 September 1923 -New York?) cousin: she attended the liceo “Galilei” in Pisa, and graduated from a college in New York with a degree in France, Spanish, and Italian literature. She taught at college for her whole life. In 1946 she married Mario Levi in New York. Levi had also sought asylum in the US, came from a wealthy family, and lost several relatives in the Holocaust. Together they had two children, Deborah and Stephen, who stayed in the US. Luciana and her husband returned to the US to visit, but did not settle there permanently. 
  • Marisa Bemporad Samaia (Pisa 1926 -New York?) cousin: she attended a vocational school in Pisa. In New York she attended high school and college. In 1949 she married Franco Samaia (1924-2004), who was also a refugee in the US, and together they opened a successful business in Queens where they lived. The business, “Franco’s corner”, is still managed by the son David. She went back to Italy in 1948 on vacation, but did not return definitively.
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Movements

1914Pisa

Birth and Education

  • Università di Pisa
  • Student
1939Lausanne (Switzerland)

Emigration

  • Volunteer doctor at the university psychiatric ward, Hôpital de Cery.
  • Unemployed
1939London

Stop-over en route to the US

1939New York

Further Education and Professional Development

  • Dazian Foundation scholar at the New York State Psychiatric Institute's (1939-1941) Department of Neuropathology. Visiting fellow at Yale, Primate Biology Laboratories (1940). Resident, and then psychiatrist at Pilgrim State Hospital (1941-1946). Volunteer research assistant at Columbia University. Professor of psychiatry at Long Island College of Medicine, State University di New York (1946-1961), and at New York Medical College.
  • Student,Freelance job,Fixed-term employment,Stable employment
  • Doctor / Dentist,Unpaid university lecturer
1960

Travel Abroad for Studies

  • Italy, Israel, Canada, England, Mexico, Venezuela, Finland, Norway, Japan, Switzerland, Argentina.
1981New York