Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Franco Bruno Averardi (1894-1947)

Other headings: Franco Averardi

Turin 22 December 1894 - Rome 16 June 1947

Lives on the move

Emigrant family members

  • Carla Orlando (1902-1997), wife: emigrated to the U.S.A. with him in 1929. The marriage would later be dissolved.
  • Maria Bruno Averardi (1867-1947), mother: joined Franco in Los Angeles in 1935.

Aid organisations

  • Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars, New York
  • “Casa Italiana”, Columbia University, New York
  • Institute of International Education, New York
  • Carnegie Foundation, Stanford (CA)


Actual references attached to the ECADFS application, 1942:

  • Gilbert Guerard, Stanford University;  
  • Henry W.L. Dana, Cambridge School of Drama; 
  • Reverend W.K. Williams, First Congregational Church; 
  • Nicholas Murray Butler, Columbia University.

Support network

  • Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (1860-1952), father-in-law: he supported him, also financially, after his emigration to the United States.



Birth and education

  • Università di Torino
1929New York

First emigration to the USA

  • Invited by: Casa Italiana, Columbia University; Institute of International Education.
1929Cleveland (Ohio)

University instructor

  • Western Reserve University, 1929-30
  • Fixed-term employment
  • Untenured professor
1932Wellesley (MA)

University instructor

  • Wellesley College, 1932-33
  • Fixed-term employment
  • Untenured professor
1935Los Angeles

University instructor

  • University of South Los Angeles, 1935-43
  • Fixed-term employment
  • Untenured professor