Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Leo Ferrero (1903-1933)

Torino 16/10/1903 - Santa Fe (USA) 26/8/1933

Not yet available

Emigrant family members

  • Guglielmo Ferrero (Portici 1871 - Mont Pèlerin 1942), father: already in the Crispi era of Italian Politics, he was a political enemy. A respected historian abroad, in Europe, and in the United States. He was targeted by fascists and in 1930 accepted an invitation to Geneva where he taught contemporary history. He did not return to live or work in Italy on a permanent basis.
  • Gina Lombroso Ferrero (Pavia 1872 - Geneva 1944) mother: graduated with a degree in medicine, she was the author of various books connected to the works of her father Cesare Lombroso. She was accustomed to travelling with her husband Guglielmo Ferrero, and in 1930 she accompanied him to Geneva. Their home became a meeting place for exiled antifascists. She did not return to live or work in Italy on a permanent basis.
  • Nina Ferrero Raditsa (Turin 1910 - Strada in Chianti, Florence 4 September 1987), sister: in 1935 she married the diplomat Bogdan Raditsa with which she had two children: Bosiljka, born in 1939 who was an artist and lived in New York, and Leo Raditsa, born in Switzerland (2 March 1936 - 22 February 2011); she emigrated to the United Stated with her family in 1940. She was a language instructor at Fairleigh Dickinson University until 1977 and was secretary of the International League for Human Rights. She never moved back to Italy, although she often spent periods of time at the family villa in Strada in Chianti.
  • Paola Lombroso Carrara (Pavia 14 March 1871 - Turin 23 January 1954), maternal aunt: Cesare Lombroso’s first born, and the most politically active; journalist, writer and psychologist, she had married Mario Carrara in 1899 who lost his university position in 1931 for refusing to take the Fascist oath. She was widowed in 1937, and after the passage of the racial laws, she moved to Geneva like her sister. After Gina’s death, she returned to Italy.
  • Ugo Lombroso (Turin 15 October 1877 - Genoa 10 April 1952), maternal uncle: physiology professor expelled from the Università di Genova. He moved to Paris where he became a “maître de recherche” at the École de médecine. He returned to Italy with his wife where they lived in hiding. He returned to Genoa in 1946 where he was hired once again at the university.
  • Silvia Forti Lombroso (Verona 2 January 1889 - Rome July 1979), maternal aunt: she followed her husband Ugo Lombroso throughout his movements around Italy, and in 1938 to Paris. When they returned to Italy after 1943 they went into hiding in Tuscany under false identities. After a stay in Rome they returned to Genoa. A writer by profession, she was widowed in 1952, and a year later she went to Cambridge, MA where her two children, Nora and Cesare, were living. Nora and Cesare lived with their respective families in Cambridge where Lombroso settled down in 1956. There, she purchased a house but would spend a few months of the year in Rome.
  • Cesare Lombroso (Rome 1917 - Cambridge, MA, 2013), cousin: he left Italy in 1939 and went to the US; in 1943 he married Irena “Rysia” Kister in New York. They had three children together: Claudia G.S. Lombroso (New York 1946), Anna (Genoa 1948), Paul (USA 1950). After the war the couple returned to Italy with their first-born daughter. Cesare continued his studies in Genoa where he obtained a degree. In 1950 they left Italy for the US, where Cesare became an esteemed child’s neuropsychiatrist at the Children’s Hospital Medical Center of Boston. In order to keep his professorship, he returned to teach in Genoa where he taught a few months of the year, but he remained for the most part in the United States where he also obtained citizenship. He did not return to work or live in Italy on a permanent basis.
  • Nora Lombroso Rossi (Quarto dei Mille, part of Genoa since 1926, 7 August 1914 - New York 2009), cousin: graduated with a law degree, she was an antifascist like her family. She emigrated with her husband Bruno to Denmark, then to England, and finally to the United States where she had various professions, from Italian professor at Cornell University, to chef, to art importer and collaborator with the staff of Los Alamos. She had three children: Florence (Ithaca 7 December 1943-), who was a teacher in Sunnyvale, California; Frank (Los Alamos 10 November 19440), who was a medical photographer and laboratory technician in Boston, and Linda (Cambridge, MA, 19 March 1953), who was a marketing consultant and financial educator in New York. She did not return to live or work in Italy on a permanent basis, although she spent various periods of time there. All of her children remained in the USA