Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Guido Fubini-Ghiron (1879-1943)

Venice 19 January 1879 - New York 6 June 1943

Lives on the move

Emigrant family members

  • Annetta Fubini-Ghiron (Turin 27 February 1892 - Turin 6 March 1973), wife, daughter of Pacifico Ghiron and Ida Dolce Ester: emigrated with her husband to New York in 1939; very active in the Italian-Jewish community in New York and volunteered in a hospital. Resided in the United States until at least 1968.
  • Gino Fubini-Ghiron (Turin 17 July 1911 - New York, 6 May 1965), son: attended liceo classico and earned his degree in civil engineering. From December 1935 an associate assistant and later full-time (from 1 March 1938) of timber, iron, and cement constructions, equipped at the Politecnico di Torino, Facoltà di Ingegneria. Expelled as a result of so-called racial laws and emigrated with his father to New York in 1939.
  • Eugenio (later Eugene) Fubini-Ghiron (Turin 19 April 1913 - Brookline, Massachusetts, 5 August 1997), son: physical doctor, in 1936 appointed in the course of development in 
    Electrical engineering - Communications section - of the Politecnico di Torino, at the Istituto elettrotecnico nazionale Galileo Ferraris. Dismissed from service on account of his “Jewish race”, he moved with his father to New York in 1939. He had a distinguished career in the United States, working for Columbia Broadcasting System and for Harvard University, and he was involved in weapon technology during and after the war, joining the National Security Agency and the Department of Defense in the 1970s. In 1945 he married Jane Elizabeth Machmer with whom he had six children: Sylvia, Sandra, Carol, Laurie, David e Susan. He did not re-enter to Italy.
  • Marco Moise Ghiron (Turin, November 2, 1889 - New York, March 24, 1988), brother in law: engineer, carbon importer, his work had already brought him to the U.S., to Philadelphia since 1919 and New York since 1927. He officially emigrated June 7th, 1939 after spending time in France with his wife Anna Treves (Turin, October 8, 1905 - New York, December 8, 1996) who had married in Turin in January of 1929, and children Ada, 10 years old, and Ugo and Camillo, both 8 years old.  Their firt destination in the US was Princeton at Annetta and Guido's. They never returned to Italy.
  • Mario Fubini (1900-1977), second cousin: they lived in the same apartment building  on Via Lamarmora in Turin. He took refuge in Switzerland in 1943 and re-entered to Italy in 1945.

Support network

  • Tullio Levi-Civita (1873-1941), tenured at the Università La Sapienza di Roma, from which he was expelled due to racial laws in 1938, he was employed because Professor Oswald Veblen offered a job to Fubini at his institute of higher education in Princeton. 
  • Oswald Veblen (1880-1960), already a docente at Princeton University, in 1932 founded the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton), where he hosted Fubini in 1939.

Movements

1879Venice

Birth and Education

  • Student
1896Pisa

University Education

  • Università di Pisa
  • Student,Fixed-term employment
  • Junior lecturer
1903Catania

University Teaching

  • Università di Catania
  • Fixed-term employment,Stable employment
  • Untenured professor,Tenured professor
1906Genova

Docente universitario

  • Università di Genova
  • Stable employment
  • Tenured professor
1908Turin

University Teaching

  • Politecnico di Torino, Università di Torino
  • Stable employment
  • Tenured professor
1938Paris

On the move

  • Unemployed
1939Princeton

Emigration to the USA

  • Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton; Columbia University, New York.
  • Fixed-term employment
  • Untenured professor
1943New York