Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Mario Fubini (1900-1977)

Turin 18 March 1900 - Turin 29 June 1977

Lives on the move

Emigrant family members

  • Alma Goldschmied (Trieste 29 March 1910 - Turin 1 December 1976), his wife, and two children, Anna Fubini Abbiate (Turin 16 December 1932 - Turin 7 July 2017) and Riccardo Fubini (Trieste 30 August 1934 - Florence 10 July 2018): took refuge with him in Switzerland.
  • Guido Goldschmied (Trieste 8 January 1912 - Trieste 30 June 1955), brother-in-law: refuge in London, in 1939 attended the London School of Economics. Detained as an enemy alien and was transferred to Canada; returned to London in 1941, and to Trieste in 1946, with his son Marco and wife Elinor Sinnott (1910-2009). Elinor Sinnot later became an expert in child mental health and returned to London in 1959 with their son, who became a well-known architect.
  • Fabio Goldschmied (Trieste 23 October 1919 - Pittsburgh 1993), brother-in-law: went to Switzerland and England in order to emigrate to the United States in August 1939. He later became a scholar of aerodynamics, reaching notoriety in his field in the 1950s.

Aid organisations

  • Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars, New York
  • Society for the Protection of Science and Learning, London

References

References on his first C.V. indicate invitation to the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning, London, n.d. through 1938: 

  • Arturo Farinelli, Accademia d’Italia, Rome; 
  • Filippo Neri, Head of the Facoltà di Lettere, Università di Torino; 
  • Guido Mazzoni, Università di Firenze; 
  • Ernesto Codignola, Facoltà di Magistero, Università di Firenze; 
  • Vittorio Rossi, President of the Accademia dei Lincei, Rome; 
  • Camillo Pellizzi, University College, London; 
  • Michele Barbi, director of the national edition of Foscolo. 

On the SPSL form compiled by his brother-in-law were indicated:
  • still Guido Mazzoni, Michele Barbi and Ernesto Codignola, all names from the Università di Firenze (the former two retired), and the following in order: 
  • Luigi Foscolo Benedetto, Professor of French literature at the Università di Firenze; 
  • Giacomo Devoto, Professor of linguistics at the Università di Firenze; 
  • Vincenzo Errante, from the Università di Milano; 
  • Napoleone Giordano Orsini, Professor of English literature at the Università di Milano and the Università di Firenze; 
  • Giovanni Gentile, senior member and director of the Enciclopedia italiana, Università di Roma; 
  • Natale Sapegno, Professor of Italian literature, Università di Roma; 
  • Alberto M. Ghisalberti, Professor at the Università di Palermo and director of the Museo del Risorgimento at the Vittoriano di Roma; 
  • Giulio Bertoni, Accademia reale italiana, Roma; 
  • Senior Professor Benedetto Croce, Napoli; 
  • Arturo Farinelli, Accademia reale italiana di Torino.

Support network

  • Guido Goldschmied, his brother-in-law, helped him apply to the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning, London.

Movements

1900Turin

Birth, Education, and Career in Italy

  • Middle school in Milan; degree in 1921 at the Università di Torino, Facoltà di Lettere e filosofia; Università di Firenze, borsa di studio, 1921-22; teacher in the high schools of Turin; libero docente in Turin in 1929; supplente [substitute professor] in Florence in Italian literature in 1934.
  • Student,Unemployed,Fixed-term employment
  • Teacher,Untenured professor
1937Palermo

Associate Professor of Italian Literature

  • Università di Palermo, Facoltà di Lettere
  • Stable employment
  • Tenured professor
1943Balerna, Canton Ticino

Refuge in Switzerland

  • Teacher of higher education for Italian soldiers interned in Mürren (Canton of Bern).
  • Unemployed,Occasional job
  • Teacher
1945Trieste

Release to Service and Re-entry in Italy

  • Università di Trieste, Università Statale di Milano and Bocconi.
  • Stable employment
  • Tenured professor
1967Pisa

  • Scuola normale superiore di Pisa.
  • Stable employment
  • Tenured professor
1977Turin