Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Curt Sigmar Gutkind (1896-1940)

Other headings: Kurt Gutkind

Mannheim 29 September 1896 - Atlantic Ocean 2 July 1940

Lives on the move

Emigrant family members

  • Laura Maria Kutzer (Munich 5 August 1896  - Bad Aibling 16 December 1997), wife: Catholic, daughter of Theodor, who was the mayor of Mannheim from 1914 to 1928, translator.


Declared References at ECADFS:

  • Balbino Giuliano;
  • Giulio Bertoni;
  • Giovanni Gentile.
Declared References at SPSL: 
  • Balbino Giuliano, Roma; 
  • Karl Vossler, Munich; 
  • Leo Spitzer, Istanbul; 
  • E.R. Curtius, Bonn; 
  • Ferdinand Brunot, Paris; 
  • Henri Hauvette, Paris; 
  • Cesare Foligno, Oxford; 
  • Hermann Fiedler, Oxford. 

Effective References: 
  • Horatio Sheafe Krans (Boston 1872 - Asheville, NC, 1952) recommended by the ECADGS in 1933; 
  • Sir Osmond D’Avigdor Goldsmid (1877-1940), British Baron, president of the Anglo-Jewish Association and the British Board of Deputies, Chairman of the Jewish Colonization Association, recommended by Walter Adams of the Academic Assistance Council in 1934.

Support network

  • Likely Camillo Pellizzi (1896-1979), expert in Italian studies at the University College London and founder of the London Fascio.
  • Gem Jebb (1886-1959) director of Bedford College, mobilized to have Gutkind released from internment as an enemy alien of England.



Birth and Education

  • Großherzoglichen Karl Friedrichs-Gymnasium
  • Student
1919Francoforte, Heidelberg

University Studies

  • Student

Period of Study in Italy

  • Institute of higher education, Facoltà di Filosofia e filologia
  • Student

Degree and Doctorate in Heidelberg

  • University of Heidelberg; later teacher
  • Student,Fixed-term employment
  • Teacher

Lector of German

  • Università di Firenze
  • Fixed-term employment
  • Untenured professor

Teaching and Tenure

  • Teacher and director of Dolmetscher Institute at Handelshochschule Mannheim; tenure at the University of Heidelberg.
  • Fixed-term employment,Stable employment
  • Teacher,Untenured professor

Period of Study in Paris

  • Interpreter at HICEM (November 1933 - June 1934)
  • Unemployed,Fixed-term employment
  • Consultant

Emigration to Great Britain

  • Unemployed

Teaching Role

  • Bedford College for Women (October 1936 - June 1940)
  • Fixed-term employment
  • Untenured professor
1940Bury (GB)

Brief Period of Internment

  • Unemployed
1940Oceano Atlantico
  • Sinking of the Arandora Star, headed toward Canada.