Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Amedeo Herlitzka (1872-1949)

Triest 26 December 1872 - Turin 12 July 1949

Lives on the move

Emigrant family members

  • Frances (Sofia) Straus (1885-1975?), wife: born in Frankfurt of Sigismondo and Giulia Bohom, emigrated to Argentino in 1939 with her husband and returned to Italy with him.
  • Leonardo Herlitzka (Turin 30 November 1904 - Turin 20 April 1977), son: graduated in Medicine on 9 July 1929, assistant, volunteer aid and lecturer at the Medical and Surgery School. After his expulsion from the Università di Torino, to escape racial prosecution he expatriated to Buenos Aires with his family, where he continued his scientific-oriented activities at the local university. At the end of the world war, with Ministerial Decree 5 February 1947, at the proposal of the Consiglio della Facoltà di Medicina di Torino, he was reassigned his teaching position. It seems, however, that he stayed in Argentina to work, as did his brothers Gino and Lucio.
  • Gino Herlitzka (Turin 11 September 1909 - ?), son: emigrated to Buenos Aires in 1939 with his family, there he married Matuca Matilde Elena Aranguren, born in 1922, on 23 May 1946.
  • Lucio Paolo Herlitzka (Turin 21 October 1916 - Turin 8 December 1983), son: in Buenos Aires with his family in 1939.
  • Mauro Herlitzka (Trieste 8 August 1871 - Buenos Aires 11 September 1960), brother: emigrated to Argentina in 1898, industrialist in the electrical sector.

Aid organisations

  • Society for the Protection of Science and Learning, London


References declared by Herlitzka to SPSL, December 1938:

  • Archibald Vivian Hill (1886-1977), University College, London, Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1922;
  • Adrien K.M. Noyons (1878-1941), physiology professor in Utrecht;
  • A. Meyer, College de France, Paris;
  • Leonor Michaelis (Berlin 1875 - New York 1949), Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research, New York;
  • Filippo Bottazzi (1867-1941), physiology professor, Università di Napoli;
  • Rodolfo Margaria (1901-1983), physiology professor in Pavia, from 1938 in Milan;
  • Aldo Castellani (Florence 1874 - Lisbon 1971), bacteriologist and pathologist, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London.

Support network

  • Mauro Herlitzka (1871-1960), brother of Amedeo, graduated in electro-technical engineering, at the beginning of the century emigrated to Argentina, where he managed a company.



Birth and education

  • Student
1891Pisa, Florence

University studies

  • Università di Pisa (1891-93); Università di Firenze (1894-95); Università di Roma (1896-97); Università di Firenze, assistant at the psychiatric clinic directed by Eugenio Tanzi (1897).
  • Student
  • Junior lecturer

  • Università di Torino, Istituto di Fisiologia
  • Fixed-term employment,Stable employment
  • Untenured professor,Junior lecturer,Tenured professor

In France

  • Unemployed
1939Buenos Aires

In Argentina

  • Applied physiology consultant with a fixed-term contract at the Aviation Research Department of El Palomar.
  • Fixed-term employment
  • Consultant

Return to Italy

  • Reintegration in the Chair of Human Physiology at the Università di Torino; co-director of the Istituto di Fisiologia with Anna Maria Di Giorgio (1897-1961).
  • Stable employment
  • Tenured professor