Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Mario Levi (1905-1973)

Florence 16 February 1905 - Calvi (Corsica, France) 1 September 1973

Lives on the move

Emigrant family members

  • Giuseppe Levi (Trieste 14 October 1872 - Turin 3 February 1965), father: expelled from Università di Torino in compliance with the racial laws, emigrated to Liege, Belgium, in 1939, to work at the Institute of Pathological Anatomy of Jean Firket. Returned to Italy in Summer 1941.
  • Lidia Tanzi (Milan 30 November 1878 - Turin 9 April 1957), mother: emigrated to Belgium in 1939 with her husband, returned to Turin after some months, mostly to help her daughter Natalia with the children she had by Leone Ginzburg.
  • Adriano Olivetti (Ivrea 11 April 1901 - Aigle, Svizzera, 27 February 1960), brother-in-law, husband of her sister Paola: director of the Olivetti factory of Ivrea from 1938. In 1926 went into hiding for a short period abroad after having contributed to the escape of socialist Filippo Turati. Due to his antifascist activity, emigrated again at the end of 1943 and sought refuge in Switzerland, from where he reentered at the end of the World War.
  • Jeanne Modigliani (Nice 29 November 1918 - Paris 27 July 1984), first wife: escaped from Italy and sought refuge in France, also participating in the Resistance. 

Support network

  • His own family: sent him sums of money and helped him obtain a work permit in France.
  • Nicola Chiaromonte (1905-1972), friend and member of the Giustizia e Libertà: often sent him sums of money from the United States.





  • New family residence due to the work transfer of father Giuseppe Levi.
  • Student

  • New family residence due to the work transfer of father Giuseppe Levi.
  • Student

High School and University Studies

  • Turin, classical high school “Vittorio Alfieri”, Istituto Superiore di Scienze economiche e commerciali.
  • Student


  • No information
  • Office worker
1933Ivrea (TO)

Employed by Olivetti

  • Stable employment in the commercial sector by the company Olivetti
  • Stable employment
  • Office worker
1934Ponte Tresa (Switzerland)

Political Emigration

  • Unemployed

Antifascist Activist

  • Active in the antifascist movement Giustizia e Libertà of Carlo Rosselli.
  • Unemployed
1935Courpière (France)

Teaching Position

  • Part-time teacher of Latin and foreign languages at boarding school directed by Rozier.
  • Fixed-term employment
  • Teacher

Antifascist Journalist

  • Journalist for the “Giornale Parlato,” Italian-language program on French radio directed by Angelo Tasca.

Unemployed in France

  • Unemployed
1942Vernet d'Ariège (France)

Internment in France

  • Internment in refugee camp, refugee with a mandate of arrest and deportation from November 1942.

Emigration to France

  • Economic consultant from 1945, correspondent for the magazine "Politics," journalist for national radio. In the 1950s, employed full-time at UNESCO at the Center for Foreign Policy Studies in in Paris.
  • Freelance job,Stable employment
  • Consultant,Journalist,Office worker
1973Calvi (France)