Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Maria Luisa Moldauer Eisenstein (1914-1994)

Other headings: Maria Luisa Eisenstein, Maria Louise Steele

Wien 22 September 1914 - Alameda, Los Angeles, 16 October 1994

Lives on the move

Emigrant family members

  • Samuel Aron Eisenstein (Racaciuni 1913 - Los Angeles 1996), husband: MD, the two met and married while they were interned at Guardiagrele. Like Maria Luisa, he also emigrated to the United States in 1950, where he worked in the fields of psychiatry and psychoanalysis. The two divorced soon after Samuel arrived in the United States. He never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Bianka Seinfeld (Wien 22 February 1895 - Los Angeles 27 June 1965), mother: she escaped the extermination by fleeing to Siberia. She later emigrated in the United States in 1949 reuniting with her daughter Maria Luisa and her mother Anna Seinfeld, who had already emigrated in 1947, and went to live with them in Westlake, Los Angeles. She never returned to Europe permanently.
  • Anna Seinfeld (Voinyliv, Ukraine, 1868 - ?), grandmother:  survived deportation to Theresienstadt, emigrated with Maria Luisa to the United States on 7 December 1947, moving in with her in Westlake, Los Angeles, where they were eventually reached by Bianka. She never returned to Europe permanently.



Birth and education

  • Wiener Frauenerwerbverein women gymnasium; University of Wien

Emigration to Italy

  • University of Florence, faculty of literature
  • Student

Transfer and arrest

1940Lanciano (Chieti)


1940Guardiagrele (Chieti)


  • Transferred for health reasons
1942Lanciano (Chieti)


1943Pescasseroli (L'Aquila)


  • Hidden in the Defensa forest

In Liberated Italy

  • Translator for the PWB
  • Occasional job
  • Office worker

Translator and writer

  • PWB
  • Occasional job
  • Office worker

Translator and writer

  • PWB; American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
  • Occasional job
  • Office worker
1947Los Angeles

Emigration to the United States

  • Via New York; looking for a job as a lecturer
1994Alameda (California)