Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Nora Lombroso Rossi (1914-2009)

Genoa 7 August 1914 - New York 8 December 2009

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Emigrant family members

  • Bruno Benedetto Rossi (Venice, 13 April 1905 - Cambridge, 21 November 1993), husband: an expert on cosmic rays, he was expelled from his university position teaching physics in Padova due to the racial laws. He emigrated to Copenhagen and then Manchester with his wife. In June 1939 they emigrated to the United States, where their children were born: Florence (Ithaca 7 December 1943-), school teacher who taught several different grades in Sunnyvale, California; Frank (Los Alamos 10 November 1944-), medical photographer and laboratory technician in Boston; Linda (Cambridge, MA, 19 March 1953), marketing consultant and financial educator in New York. After retiring from teaching at M.I.T, he was employed at the Università di Palermo in 1974 at age 70. As such, he frequently spent time in Italy, but his main residence remained the US and he maintained American citizenship. He did not return to live in Italy on a permanent basis.
  • Ugo Lombroso (Turin 15 October 1877 - Genoa 10 April 1952), father: physiology professor and son of the famous anthropologist Cesare Lombroso, he was expelled from the Università di Genoa and moved temporarily to Paris; in Paris he worked as “maître de recherche” at the École de médecine. With his wife Silvia he returned to Italy and lived in hiding. He was employed once again at the university in Genoa, where he returned in 1946, but was given a supernumerary position.
  • Silvia Forti Lombroso (Verona 2 January 1889 - Rome July 1979), mother: she followed her husband Ugo Lombroso throughout his movements around Italy, and in 1938 to Paris. When they returned to Italy after 1943 they went into hiding in Tuscany under false identities. After a stay in Rome they returned to Genoa. A writer by profession, she was widowed in 1952, and a year later she went to Cambridge, MA where her two children, Nora and Cesare, were living. Nora and Cesare lived with their respective families in Cambridge where Lombroso settled down in 1956. There, she purchased a house but would spend a few months of the year in Rome.
  • Cesare Lombroso (Rome 1917 - Cambridge, MA, 2013), brother: he left Italy in 1939 and went to the US; in 1943 he married Irena “Rysia” Kister in New York. They had three children together: Claudia G.S. Lombroso (New York 1946), Anna (Genoa 1948), Paul (USA 1950). After the war the couple returned to Italy with their first-born daughter. Cesare continued his studies in Genoa where he obtained a degree. In 1950 they left Italy for the US, where Cesare became an esteemed child’s neuropsychiatrist at the Children’s Hospital Medical Center of Boston. In order to keep his professorship, he returned to teach in Genoa where he taught a few months of the year, but he remained for the most part in the United States where he also obtained citizenship. He did not return to work or live in Italy on a permanent basis.
  • Irena "Rysia" Kister (Vilnius, Polonia, now Lithuania, 1 April 1923 - Cambridge, MA, September 2012), sister-in-law: Polish of Jewish origins, in 1941 she emigrated with her parents, little sister, and aunt from Warsaw to New York where she met Cesare. She was politically active and engaged in many Polish cultural initiatives in the United States. An excellent cook, she published the Old Warsaw Cookbook (1958), which came to be reprinted in various editions. At the beginning of the seventies, she continued her studies and completed her PhD in psychology at 75 years old. Neither her nor her family returned to Europe. They all remained in the United States, as did their children: Claudia Gina Lombroso (New York 31 January 1946-); Anna Cristina (Genoa 29 September 1948-), a psychologist who married statistician Williams James Glynn and was the mother of Andre Paul (1986-) and Amy Christina Lombroso Glynn (1988-); Paolo (Paul Lombroso (Rutland, VT, 22 July 1950-), now emirate professor in the Child Study Center at Yale University, who married Jan Naegele and had three children: Adam, Sonia, and Christopher Lombroso.
  • Giorgio Rossi (Venice 24 May 1909 - Milan 17 May 1967), brother-in-law: younger brother of husband Bruno, he lived in Lido di Venezia with his mother Lina Minerbi, who he most likely went into hiding with in Switzerland after 1943 (via Linda Rossi). He graduated with a degree in agricultural science and was a teacher at the Jewish school after the approval of the racial laws. A collaborator with the Delegazione di assistenza agli emigranti ebrei (DELASEM, 1939-1947), he also acted as delegate to the Hebrew Community of Venice in the Office of Deportees, and as liaison to the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1944, and the Research Committee of Jewish Deportees (CRDE), 1944-1953. He returned to Italy.
  • Ruggero Rossi (Venice 24 May 1909 - Venice 1993), brother-in-law: he married Bianca Voghera, with whom he had a child, Raphael, who resides in Israel. They probably took refuge in Switzerland, re-entering Italy in Milan (per Linda Rossi).
  • Gina Lombroso Ferrero (Pavia 1872 - Geneva 1944) paternal aunt: graduated with a degree in medicine, she was the author of various books connected to the works of her father Cesare Lombroso. She was accustomed to travelling with her husband Guglielmo Ferrero, and in 1930 she accompanied him to Geneva. Their home became a meeting place for exiled antifascists. She did not return to live or work in Italy on a permanent basis.
  • Guglielmo Ferrero (Portici 1871 - Mont Pèlerin 1942), uncle: already in the Crispi era of Italian Politics, he was a political enemy. A respected historian abroad, in Europe, and in the United States. He was targeted by fascists and in 1930 accepted an invitation to Geneva where he taught contemporary history. He did not return to live or work in Italy on a permanent basis.
  • Leo Ferrero (Turin 1903 - Santa Fe, USA, 1933), cousin: graduated in Florence with a degree in art history in 1926, he left for London in 1928. He then left for Paris in voluntary exile, and in 1932 he went to the US with a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship. He never returned to Europe and died prematurely due to an automobile accident.
  • Nina Ferrero Raditsa (Turin 1910 - Strada in Chianti, Firenze 4 September 1987), cousin: in 1935 she married the diplomat Bogdan Raditsa with which she had two children: Bosiljka, born in 1939 who was an artist and lived in New York, and Leo Raditsa, born in Switzerland (2 March 1936 - 22 February 2011); she emigrated to the United Stated with her family in 1940. She was a language instructor at Fairleigh Dickinson University until 1977 and was secretary of the International League for Human Rights. She never moved back to Italy, although she often spent periods of time at the family villa in Strada in Chianti.
  • Bogdan Raditsa (or Radica) (Split 1904 - New York 1993), cousin, husband of Nina: diplomat by profession. He studied in Ljubljana and Florence. In 1924 he worked as a journalist in Paris and then in Athens. From 1933 to 1939 he was a diplomat working in Geneva at the League of Nations. In 1940 he moved to the United States, after spending a short time in London and Belgrade, where he eventually settled as history professor. He did not return to live or work in Italy on a permanent basis.
  • Paola Lombroso Carrara (Pavia 14 March 1871 - Turin 23 January 1954) paternal aunt: the firstborn of Cesare Lombroso and the most politically active. Journalist, writer, and psychologist, she married Mario Carrara in 1899 who had been fired from his university position for refusing to swear allegiance to the Fascist regime. She is the mother of Enrico. She was widowed in 1937, and after the implementation of the racial laws she moved to Geneva in the footsteps of her sister. After Gina’s death, she returned to Italy.
  • Corrado Cavalieri (Venice 23 MArch 1907 - USA, 25 April 2003), maternal cousin, son of Arturo: he emigrated to the United States in January 1940. As a reference he gave the address of his cousin in New York City Germana Dannenbaum. He did not return to work or live in Italy on a permanent basis.
  • Ruggero (Roger) Cavalieri (Venice 1920? _): cousin: he joined his brother Corrado in New York in November 1941. After having been in Canada and Cuba (presumably to obtain the proper documents to move to the US). Their sister Renata also emigrated to the US.