Patrizia Guarnieri

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy.

Migrants, Exiles and Refugees Fleeing for Political and Racial Reasons

©2019-Author(s) Published by Firenze University Press
e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3 | DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

Intellectuals Displaced from Fascist Italy

Silvia Forti Lombroso (1889-1979)

Verona 2 January 1889 - Rome July 1979

Not yet available

Emigrant family members

  • Ugo Lombroso (Turin 15 October 1877 - Genoa 10 April 1952), husband: physiology professor and son of the famous anthropologist Cesare Lombroso, he was expelled from the Università di Genoa and moved temporarily to Paris; in Paris, he worked as “maître de recherche” at the École de médecine. With his wife Silvia, he returned to Italy and lived in hiding. He was employed once again at the university in Genoa, where he returned in 1946, but was given a supernumerary position.
  • Nora Lombroso Rossi (Quarto dei Mille, part of Genoa since 1926, 7 August 1914 - New York 2009), daughter: graduated with a law degree, she was an antifascist like her family. She emigrated with her husband Bruno to Denmark, then to England, and finally to the United States where she had various professions, from Italian professor at Cornell University to chef, to art importer and collaborator with the staff of Los Alamos. She had three children: Florence (Ithaca 7 December 1940 -), who was a teacher in Sunnyvale, California; Frank (Los Alamos 10 November 1944), who was a medical photographer and laboratory technician in Boston, and Linda (Cambridge, MA, 19 March 1953), who was a marketing consultant and financial educator in New York. She never returned to Italy permanently, although she spent various periods of time there. All of her children remained in the USA.
  • Cesare Lombroso (Rome 1917 - Cambridge, MA, 2013), son: he left Italy in 1939 and went to the US; in 1943 he married Irena “Rysia” Kister in New York. They had three children together: Claudia G.S. Lombroso (New York 1946), Anna (Genoa 1948), and Paul (USA 1950). After the war, the couple returned to Italy with their first-born daughter. Cesare continued his studies in Genoa where he obtained a degree. In 1950 they left Italy for the US, where Cesare became an esteemed child’s neuropsychiatrist at the Children’s Hospital Medical Center of Boston. In order to keep his professorship, he returned to teach in Genoa where he taught a few months of the year, but he remained for the most part in the United States and obtained US citizenship. He never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Bruno Benedetto Rossi (Venice 13 April 1905 - Cambridge 21 November 1993), son-in-law, Nora’s husband: one of the top experts on cosmic rays, was expelled from his position as a physics professor in Padua because of the racial laws. He emigrated with his wife to Copenhagen, then to Manchester in England, and in June 1939 to the United States, where their children were born. In 1974, at 70 years old and already retired from teaching at MIT, he was hired by the Università di Palermo and he spent some time of the year in Italy. His primary residence, however, was in the US and he kept US citizenship. He never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Irena "Rysia" Kister (Vilnius, Polonia, now Lithuania, 1 April 1923 - Cambridge, MA, September 2012), daughter-in-law: Polish of Jewish origins, in 1941 she emigrated with her parents, little sister, and aunt from Warsaw to New York where she met Cesare. She was politically active and engaged in many Polish cultural initiatives in the United States. An excellent cook, she published the Old Warsaw Cookbook (1958), which came to be reprinted in various editions. At the beginning of the seventies, she continued her studies and completed her PhD in psychology at 75 years old. Neither she nor her family returned to Europe. They all remained in the United States, as did their children: Claudia Gina Lombroso (New York 31 January 1946-); Anna Cristina (Genoa 29 September 1948-), a psychologist who married statistician Williams James Glynn and was the mother of Andre Paul (1986-) and Amy Christina Lombroso Glynn (1988-); Paolo (Paul Lombroso (Rutland, VT, 22 July 1950-), now emirate professor in the Child Study Center at Yale University, who married Jan Naegele and had three children: Adam, Sonia, and Christopher Lombroso.
  • Paola Lombroso Carrara (Pavia 14 March 1871 - Turin 23 January 1954) aunt-in-law: the firstborn of Cesare Lombroso and the most politically active. Journalist, writer, and psychologist, she married Mario Carrara in 1899 who had been fired from his university position for refusing to swear allegiance to the Fascist regime. She is the mother of Enrico. She was widowed in 1937, and after the implementation of the racial laws, she moved to Geneva in the footsteps of her sister. After Gina’s death, she returned to Italy.
  • Gina Lombroso Ferrero (Pavia 1872 - Geneva 1944) aunt-in-law: graduated with a degree in medicine, she was the author of various books connected to the works of her father Cesare Lombroso. She was accustomed to traveling with her husband Guglielmo Ferrero, and in 1930 she accompanied him to Geneva. Their home became a meeting place for exiled antifascists. She never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Guglielmo Ferrero (Portici 1871 - Mont Pèlerin 1942), uncle-in-law: already in the Crispi era of Italian Politics, he was a political enemy. A respected historian abroad, in Europe, and in the United States. He was targeted by fascists and in 1930 accepted an invitation to Geneva where he taught contemporary history. He never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Leo Ferrero (Turin 1903 - Santa Fe, USA, 1933), cousin-in-law: graduated in Florence with a degree in art history in 1926, he left for London in 1928. He then left for Paris in voluntary exile, and in 1932 he went to the US with a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship. He died prematurely due to an automobile accident.
  • Nina Ferrero Raditsa (Turin 1910 - Strada in Chianti, Firenze 4 September 1987), cousin-in-law: in 1935 she married the diplomat Bogdan Raditsa with whom she had two children: Bosiljka, born in 1939 who was an artist and lived in New York, and Leo Raditsa, born in Switzerland (2 March 1936 - 22 February 2011); she emigrated to the United States with her family in 1940. She was a language instructor at Fairleigh Dickinson University until 1977 and was secretary of the International League for Human Rights. She never returned to Italy permanently, although she often spent periods of time at the family villa in Strada in Chianti.
  • Bogdan Raditsa (or Radica) (Split 1904 - New York 1993), cousin-in-law, husband of Nina: diplomat by profession. He studied in Ljubljana and Florence. In 1924 he worked as a journalist in Paris and then in Athens. From 1933 to 1939 he was a diplomat working in Geneva at the League of Nations. In 1940 he moved to the United States, after spending a short time in London and Belgrade, where he eventually settled as a history professor. He never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Germana Carpi Dannenbaum (Genoa 1910 - Providence ?), nephew: daughter of Emila Forti (1884-1952) and Tullio Carpi, emigrated with her husband from Genao on the Rex and reached New York on 22 February 1939. She had three children: David, James, and Brenda, and settled down in Providence. She never returned to Italy or Europe permanently.
  • Franz Dannenbaum (Amburgo 1911 - Providence ?), nephew: Germana's husband, son of Meta Israel and Adolf, German Jew emigrated to Italy, chemist, emigrated with his wife from Genoa on 22 February 1939 putting 310 W 79th Street, NYC as his address. They had three children and settled down in Providence. He never returned to Italy or Europe permanently.
  • Corrado Cavalieri (Venice 23 March 1907 - USA 25 April 2003) nephew: son of Arturo, emigrated to the US in January 1940. He gave his cousin Germana Carpi Dannenbaum’s address as his residence in New York City. He never returned to Italy permanently.
  • Ruggero (Roger) Cavalieri (Venice 1918 - New York 2021) nephew: he joined his brother Corrado in New York in November 1941, after having been to Canada and Cuba (most likely to obtain the necessary documents to enter the US). Their sister Renata also emigrated to the US. He never returned to Italy permanently.